does menopause cause constipation

Mariah Brown

written by

Mariah Brown

update on

does menopause cause constipation

Welcome! If you’re seeking information about whether menopause causes constipation, you’ve come to the right place. As someone who has experienced the effects firsthand, I understand the need for clarity and guidance on this topic. Menopause is a natural phase in a woman’s life, but it can bring about various changes in the body, including disruptions in the digestive system. In this article, we will explore the connection between menopause and constipation, provide practical tips to manage symptoms, and offer valuable insights to help you navigate this journey with ease.

The Link Between Menopause and Constipation

Understanding Physiological Changes

During the transition into menopause, hormonal fluctuations occur. Estrogen levels, in particular, tend to decline. Research suggests that decreased estrogen can affect the gastrointestinal system, leading to changes in bowel movements and an increased risk of constipation. Estrogen plays a role in regulating muscle contractions in the colon, which are vital for proper digestion and bowel movements. When estrogen levels decrease, it can slow down the movement of waste through the intestines, resulting in constipation.

Additionally, another hormone affected by menopause, progesterone, can also contribute to constipation. Progesterone is known to have a relaxing effect on smooth muscles, including those in the digestive tract. When these muscles become too relaxed, it can hinder the normal contractions necessary for efficient bowel movements.

It’s important to note that while menopause is commonly associated with the female reproductive system, men can also experience symptoms related to hormonal changes. This means that men may also experience constipation during menopause, albeit less frequently compared to women.

Other Gastrointestinal Symptoms During Menopause

Constipation is not the only gastrointestinal symptom that can arise during menopause. Many women also report experiencing diarrhea, bloating, and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms. These symptoms can vary from person to person and may appear alongside constipation or individually. The fluctuations in hormone levels influence the gut-brain axis, potentially leading to changes in bowel function and motility.

Effective Management Strategies

Hydration: A Key Factor

Staying hydrated is crucial for maintaining regular bowel movements. Drinking an adequate amount of water throughout the day can soften stools and ease their passage through the colon. Aim to drink at least 8 cups (64 ounces) of water daily. If plain water bores you, consider adding a slice of lemon or infusing it with your favorite fruits for an extra burst of flavor.

Get Moving: The Power of Exercise

Regular exercise has numerous benefits, including improving bowel function. Engaging in activities such as walking, swimming, yoga, or any form of physical exercise can stimulate the muscles in the digestive tract, promoting healthier bowel movements. Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise most days of the week.

Fiber: Nature’s Digestive Aid

Increasing your fiber intake is an effective strategy for managing constipation. Fiber adds bulk to your stool and helps it move along the digestive tract more easily. Opt for high-fiber foods such as whole grains, fruits, vegetables, legumes, and nuts. If necessary, consider incorporating a fiber supplement into your daily routine. Be sure to gradually increase your fiber intake to avoid any discomfort or bloating.

Medication Review with Your Healthcare Provider

If lifestyle changes alone do not alleviate your constipation symptoms, it may be necessary to consult with your healthcare provider. Certain medications, such as those used to manage menopause symptoms or other health conditions, can contribute to constipation. Your healthcare provider can review your current medications and discuss potential alternatives or adjustments to help manage constipation effectively.

Over-the-Counter Laxatives

In some cases, over-the-counter laxatives can provide short-term relief from constipation. These medications work by stimulating bowel movements to promote regularity. However, it’s important to use laxatives sparingly and according to the instructions, as excessive use can lead to dependence or worsen symptoms. If you find yourself relying on laxatives frequently, consult your healthcare provider for a more personalized approach.

Pelvic Floor Physical Therapy

Pelvic floor physical therapy is a specialized treatment approach that focuses on strengthening and retraining the muscles of the pelvic floor. It can be especially beneficial for women experiencing pelvic floor dysfunction or challenges with bowel movements. A trained therapist can assess your condition and help develop a customized treatment plan to address your unique needs.

Maintaining a Positive Mindset

During menopause, it’s essential to maintain a positive mindset and reduce stress levels. Stress can impact digestion and exacerbate constipation symptoms. Engaging in activities that promote relaxation and emotional well-being, such as mindfulness, meditation, or pursuing hobbies, can significantly contribute to your overall health and improve your digestive function.

Taking Necessary Actions

If you’re experiencing symptoms of constipation during menopause, it’s important to take action. Don’t hesitate to reach out to your healthcare provider for guidance and support. They can help diagnose the root cause of your constipation and provide individualized treatment options to alleviate your symptoms. Remember, your overall well-being matters, and seeking appropriate medical advice is crucial for effective management.

The Connection Between Menopause and Constipation: A Table Breakdown

Factor Explanation
Hormonal Changes Decreased estrogen levels can lead to slower digestive transit time, resulting in constipation.
Progesterone The relaxing effect of progesterone on smooth muscles may contribute to constipation during menopause.
GI Symptoms Menopause can also cause diarrhea, bloating, and symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
Hydration Staying hydrated can soften stools and promote regular bowel movements.
Exercise Regular physical activity can improve bowel function and promote healthier digestion.
Fiber Intake Increasing fiber consumption can add bulk to stools and aid in their passage through the colon.
Medication Review Consulting with a healthcare provider can help identify medications that may contribute to constipation.
Over-the-Counter Laxatives Short-term use of laxatives may provide relief, but excessive use should be avoided.
Pelvic Floor Physical Therapy A specialized treatment approach that focuses on strengthening the pelvic floor muscles.
Maintaining a Positive Mindset Mindfulness, meditation, and stress reduction techniques can positively impact digestion.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: Can menopause cause constipation in men?

A: While menopause is a term often associated with women, men can also experience hormonal changes that may lead to constipation during this phase of life, although less frequently than women.

Q: How does decreased estrogen contribute to constipation?

A: Estrogen helps regulate muscle contractions in the colon. A decrease in estrogen levels during menopause can slow down the movement of waste through the intestines, potentially leading to constipation.

Q: What lifestyle changes can help alleviate menopause-related constipation?

A: Staying hydrated, engaging in regular exercise, and increasing fiber intake are beneficial lifestyle changes that can help alleviate menopause-related constipation.

Q: Are there any medications that can worsen constipation during menopause?

A: Some medications, particularly those used to manage menopause symptoms or other health conditions, can contribute to constipation. It’s important to review your medications with your healthcare provider if you suspect they may be worsening your symptoms.

Q: Can over-the-counter laxatives be used long-term?

A: Over-the-counter laxatives are designed for short-term use. Regular or excessive use of laxatives can lead to dependence and should be avoided. If you find yourself relying on laxatives frequently, consult your healthcare provider for guidance.

Q: What is pelvic floor physical therapy, and how can it help with constipation?

A: Pelvic floor physical therapy is a specialized treatment approach that focuses on strengthening and retraining the muscles of the pelvic floor. It can be especially beneficial for women experiencing pelvic floor dysfunction or challenges with bowel movements.

Q: Can a positive mindset help with menopause-related constipation?

A: Yes, maintaining a positive mindset and reducing stress levels can positively impact digestion. Engaging in activities such as mindfulness, meditation, or pursuing hobbies can greatly contribute to your overall well-being.

Q: When should I seek medical advice for menopause-related constipation?

A: If you’re experiencing severe or persistent constipation during menopause, it is important to seek medical advice. Your healthcare provider can help diagnose the underlying cause and provide appropriate treatment options tailored to your specific needs.

Q: Can menopause cause diarrhea as well?

A: Yes, menopause can cause diarrhea in some women. The hormonal fluctuations during menopause can disrupt the balance in the digestive system, leading to changes in bowel function.

Q: What are some natural remedies to alleviate constipation during menopause?

A: Natural remedies for constipation during menopause include staying hydrated, consuming high-fiber foods, and engaging in regular physical activity. These strategies can help promote regular bowel function and alleviate symptoms.

Q: Is constipation a normal part of menopause?

A: While constipation can occur during menopause due to hormonal changes, it is not considered a normal part of the transition. However, it is a common symptom that many women experience. Managing constipation through lifestyle changes and seeking medical advice if necessary can help alleviate symptoms.


Understanding the connection between menopause and constipation is crucial for managing symptoms effectively. The hormonal changes that occur during menopause can disrupt the digestive system, leading to constipation and other gastrointestinal symptoms. However, through hydration, exercise, fiber intake, medication review, pelvic floor physical therapy, maintaining a positive mindset, and seeking necessary medical advice, relief is possible. Remember to listen to your body, make the necessary lifestyle adjustments, and consult with your healthcare provider for individualized guidance. Menopause is a transformative stage, and with the right support and knowledge, you can navigate it smoothly and confidently.


Leave a Comment